Apán, is a project part of a master plan called “Laboratory of Research and Practical Experimentation of Housing INFONAVIT” includes 32 experimental prototypes of rural housing of the Research Center for Sustainable Development.
The objective of the project was to build a house in a rural context that met the characteristics of a decent home and satisfied the needs of users. In the same way, the project departs from the analysis of the site at the town of Zaragoza, Coahuila with a specific purpose of achieving a complete adaptability of the housing prototype to the site. Its location and proximity to the city of Piedras Negras generates a particular social context due to its connection with the United States. The inhabitants of this locality present a strong aspiration to the American way of life that was reflected in the buildings of the localities. On the other hand, Zaragoza has an extreme climate, but with a presence of humidity due to the San Antonio River, which is a slope of the Rio Grande. Due to this, the acequias can be appreciated in the different localities of the municipality.
We proposed the use of a local building system based on masonery with a cement – sand covering with dye. All project walls have a concrete layer to withstand the climatic conditions of the local humidity. The roof system recovers the vernacular system of the rural houses, as does the traditional rainwater drainage system.
The project is based on two volumes dividing the private from the public and recovery elements of the program of traditional architecture, such as the porch. With the main entrace facing south and services concentrated to the north, we generate a facade without windows and the rear facade open to the landscape. A progression scheme is proposed according to the growth of the number of members. The system works by repeating the same chamber module laterally. The project contemplates a mezzanine height of 3.26m with the purpose of dignifying rural housing through the creation of larger spaces.