The Golden Tower
57th Venice Art Biennale
Curated by Christine Macel, The Golden Tower will be on view from 13 May to 26 November 2017 in the Campo San Vio, Venice.
Byars envisioned “The Golden Tower” as a colossal beacon and oracle that would bridge heaven and earth and unify humanity – a contemporary monument surpassing the grandeur of the Lighthouse of Alexandria. The idea of “The Golden Tower” first began in 1976 and was developed with numerous conceptual studies throughout the artist’s career. The work was first exhibited in 1990 at the GegenwartEwigkeit exhibition at Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin, and later in 2004 at the posthumous retrospective Life, Love and Death at the Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt. Towering to a height of over 20 meters, “The Golden Tower” is the artist’s largest and most ambitious work. The Venice installation of “The Golden Tower” is the first to fully realize the artist’s intentions of presenting the sculpture in a public space.
“The Tower gives shape to a symbol of ascension, taking metaphorical aim towards the sacred mountain – a gilded machine to honor the gods,” says curator Alberto Salvadori of the work. “The splendor of gold hints at the symbol of the sun but also becomes a symbol of inner illumination, of intellectual knowledge and spiritual experience. A concept of divinity. That's the deeper motivation in James Lee Byars’s use of gold ... it is the ultimate symbol of greatness and the infinite.”
Located in the Dorsoduro, between the Accademia and the Peggy Guggenheim Collection, “The Golden Tower” will be visible throughout many areas of the city. The tower’s brilliant gilded surface echoes the golden mosaic façade of the adjacent Palazzo Barbarigo. Its placement in Campo San Vio will recall Canaletto’s famous view of the Grand Canal, painted from that same spot.
“James Lee conceived of ‘The Golden Tower’ as a monument to humanity,” says Wendy Dunaway, the artist’s widow. “Venice was both his home and a metaphor for East meeting West. I can’t imagine a more fitting tribute in these times.”
The presentation of “The Golden Tower” in Venice, is also significant given Byars’s deep connections to the city. Byars lived off and on in Venice beginning in 1982. He worked closely with the master glass-blowers of Murano to realize his major 1989 sculpture, “The Angel”. Throughout his career Byars enacted numerous performances in Venice, including “The Holy Ghost”, Piazza San Marco, 1975; “The New Pink Flag of Italy”, also Piazza San Marco, 1980; and “The Death of James Lee Byars”, Punta della Dogana, 1993. Byars participated in four previous editions of the Biennale Arte, performing “Be Quiet” at the opening of the 39th International Art Exhibition and “The Poet of the Gondola” in the 1986 edition. Harald Szeemann included the sculpture “The Spinning Oracle of Delphi” in 1999 and three gilded marble sculptures were included in the Biennale Arte 2013.