Sipan residential building
Sipan is a 10-storey residential building in 12600 sqm which is located in Jamshidieh neighborhood, in Niavaran district, in north of Tehran. This part of the city is situated at the hillsides of Alborz Mountains, Higher in altitude than central and southern Tehran, so Jamshidieh and other neighborhoods located at northern city of spectacular views, benefits less air pollution and more tranquility.
A very important issue in our design process is to take advantage of the spectacular view and at the same time block the undesirable one, The localization and altitude of the site have ensured scenic overlooks towards south; to the city and fantastic views towards north; the rocky hillsides and the natural gardens in the neighborhood, but in the east side we have an opposite neighbor with an unpleasant look-out which we prefer to have less openings, to have more privacy especially in more private spaces.
Consistency/conformity between the building's envelope and interior spaces has been our design principle. The initial idea reflects the organization of the spaces: the more private rooms are located at the edges of the layout, while the more public spaces are set at the center, to benefit from more light and view. The design of the building's envelope follows the same rule. A rectangular module with an opening inside proliferates on the surface of the envelope. Larger units with larger openings at the center of facade grow smaller towards the edges of the building , offering more privacy. The pattern of the envelope has been derived from the super-imposition of two grids : the grid of the existing structure and the grid proposed by the organization of the public and the private spaces. Traditional forms or ornaments have not been used in the design. Yet, the concept of "unity in diversity" has influenced our design. The general concept and the details have been originated from a unique idea that presents "unity" in all of the spaces of the project. In the old traditional architecture, a "module"(Peyman) had been used in different design aspects, in all scales .The same routine has been implemented in the design of this project with an attempt to avoid monotony and boredom in the repetition of the modules and elements.
Raising the quality of common areas is among the most important design principles. Diverse vivacious collective spaces improve the social impacts and connections between the neighbors, these collective and recreational spaces revitalizes the ten-story residential building .Here , green zone has been incorporated on the roof as a “green roof” which accommodates recreational and sportive facilities for the residents. In a densely populated city like Tehran with rapid urban development, along with congestion of building and devastation of intra-city gardens and open spaces, using the unutilized space of roof as a multipurpose space could suggest an appropriate solution to compensate this deficiency. The roof-top pool on it has been considered for enjoying the sun and the unique urban-scape during the warm seasons while the indoor pool with the sauna and the Jacuzzi at the basement level facilitates the building all through the year.