Our design aims to create a neighbourhood for families, young professionals and elderly living together in a sustainable lifestyle combined with a continuation of the loved traditional Båstad town-structure. A new development is planned to grow around the new train station. The new, higher frequency of departures will make it attractive to live in Båstad and work in the entire southwest region of Scandinavia.
The quality of the site
Since the town today is very popular and famous for its beauty, the main ideas of the proposal are to emphasize and utilize the existing qualities of the place;
landscape, ecology, spatial qualities and local climate. One on the key elements of a sustainable master plan is a high level of generality and flexibility in the structure and a plan for development in phases over a long span of time.
Båstad is situated beautifully between the ridge “Hallandsåsen” and the sea. We create two unifying stretched landscape spaces that create a cross over the site. The two public axis meet at the main square and train station with connected public functions such as school and local shopping. One axis is stretches along the creek and the other extends between the ridge in the south and the nature reserve next to the sea in the north and integrates exiting farms in a large landscape park.
Town structure and street hierarchy
An important part of the attraction of Båstad is the spatial qualities of the town-structure which have developed over a long time span with a variation of building types and a preserved small scale. The elemental structure is created by main streets that run parallel to the sea, where the houses have a close and distinct relationship to the street. Between the main street run narrow alleys, where the houses have a freer relationship to the street and the private gardens are a part of the experience.
The proposal connects Nya Hemmeslöv with the old core of Båstad and continues on the existing street hierarchy with main streets, transverse alleys and a new street typology called green avenues with integrated local retention and infiltration of surface water. The main streets and green avenues are well interconnected with the existing street grid and create good orientation and easy access. The alleys connect the residents intimately to the recreational green spaces of the area, the creek and the landscape park.
Density, scale and typology
Diversity is created with multifunctional blocks, different forms of tenure and flexibility in the town structure. The blocks in Nya Hemmeslöv have a size that allows for a variety of different typologies, single family houses, terraced houses, apartment buildings etc. within the same block. Every block is subdivided into a number of lots to create a variety in expression. The area also consist of workspaces, cultural spaces, schools, kindergartens, services to create an economically and socially sustainable neighbourhood.
Reducing green house emissions from transportation is a key issue in sustainable urban planning. Our masterplan provides for inviting, accessible and safe public transport, making it attractive to travel in a sustainable way.
The goal is that Nya Hemmeslövs energy systems will be carbon neutral with a high percentage of renewable energy.
We propose a centralized energy supply system in order for greater future flexibility when the knowledge about environmental loads and energy sources change. Strategically located central heatpumps powered by renewable electricity provide the main supply of heating for the densely populated areas, making use of the creek and lake as heat energy sources.
Organic waste from households and manure from farms are transformed into biogas and is used for gas stoves and peak loads on cold days. Suitable gas infrastructure already exists in the area today.
Landuse and biodiversity
An increased urbanisation in general and specifically in Nya Hemmeslöv means that agricultural land is used for new construction. Green space becomes hard paved, which increases the local heat island and decreases local infiltration and habitat for plants and animals. We allow for relatively high density around the station, and can therefore leave a vast unconstructed landscape park. The monocultural farmland is converted into a park with richer biological diversity with communal centers, allotments, green houses, horse farms all operated by the residents.